Dr. Mahmood Kooria is a historian based at Leiden University, the Netherlands. His research interests include the Indian Ocean Studies, Global History of Law, Afro-Asian Connections and Intellectual History of Islam. Earlier he was a research fellow at the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS) and African Studies Centre (ASC), Leiden and the Dutch Institute in Morocco (NIMAR), Rabat. With Michael N. Pearson, he has recently edited Malabar in the Indian Ocean World: Cosmopolitanism in a Maritime Historical Region (Oxford University Press, 2018). He has published in several reputed international journals such as the Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient; Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales; Law & History Review; Oxford Journal of Law and Religion; and, Itinerario.